The Mini Budget 2022: What Does it Mean for Your Business?

Last updated on 25.09.2022

Last Friday, Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng made several key announcements about the new government’s fiscal policies. While labelled the ‘Mini-Budget’ or Mini Budget 2022, the event sure packed a punch in terms of the number of announced changes (including several key decision reversals).

The announcements signalled a shift in direction for the UK. While a highly divisive budget, the intent seemed to be to provide measures that would better benefit businesses across the board. 

But will these changes amount to a more business-friendly environment? Only time will tell. For now, here are the key changes from the event that are most relevant for your business. 

Table of content

Proposed corporate tax rate increase cancelled

In 2021, the previous government announced a corporate tax rise from 19% to 25%, to take effect from April 2023. Well, this is now scrapped.

Instead, corporations will continue to pay tax at 19%. Lower taxes mean larger profits for businesses and ultimately more cash in play that can be pumped back into growing and investing. 

To break things down, this is what businesses could have expected to pay under the old plan. Companies making up to 50k in profit would have remained largely unaffected, continuing to pay tax at the 19% rate. But businesses making over 250k would have had to pay the increased rate (25%).

The picture gets even more complicated for companies making between 50K to 250K. Not only would they have had to pay the increased rate of 25%, but would have had to claim ‘marginal rate relief’ in order to decrease their taxes.

To sum up, the change has made corporation taxes more straightforward and beneficial for businesses of all sizes.

National Insurance hike reversed

Of course, this is the most significant change relevant to the payroll space. The rate hike, which was originally introduced in April 2022, will be completely reversed.

This will take place from the 6th of November 2022 and affect every organisation’s payroll, right down to what employees see on their payslips

Both the employer’s and employee’s NI rate was originally raised from 13.8% to 15.05% and 12% to 13.25%, respectively. It was originally brought about to help fund the Health and Social Care Levy which was set up to support the NHS post-pandemic. Instead, funding will be provided through government borrowing. 

New income tax rates from April 2023

While businesses stand to benefit the most from these changes, there were also tax cuts for employees. From 2023, employees will pay a basic tax rate of 19% instead of 20%. However, the change only applies to employees in certain parts of the UK (Scotland and Wales, for instance, will have different tax bands).  

In addition to this, the government also planned to completely remove the 45% bracket - however this decision has since been reversed. This would have meant less taxes for those earning above £150 000 would and that highest tax bracket would have been 40% for annual incomes above £50, 270.

These changes would have been some of the biggest since the devolution in Scotland.  

No more dividend rate increase for company directors

Yet another proposed scrap was that of the dividend rate increase for company directors. This was based, again, on an increase the previous government had made to the dividend rates for self-employed directors. Those paying the basic income tax rate saw a jump from 1.25% to 8.75%, while those in the higher bracket saw their dividend rate rise to 33.75%.

As a result, company directors paying themselves through dividends will be able to hang on to more money.

No news on R&D tax relief 

The cancellation of the corporation tax increase will have a beneficial knock-on effect on R&D tax relief. Scrapping the rate means claims made under the RDEC Scheme will be more valuable. To illustrate:

  • Under the old plan - claims from April 2023 would have been world 9.75p to £1 spent on R&D

  • Under the new one - RDEC claims will be worth 10.53p for every pound spend 

Rise in SEIS

Among the chancellor’s announcements, there was also a gross asset limit extension from £200,000 to £350,000. It means that from April 2023, companies will be able to raise up to £250,000 under the SEIS scheme, which is up from £150,000.

Trading age limits have also been reviewed, increasing from 2 to 3 years. Investor limits are also set to double to £200,000. 

Higher CSOP Values 

Finally, there was a notable increase in Company Share Option Plans (CSPOs) up to £60,000 (double the current value of £30,000). 

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